Bond Beam Block-Dimensions, Specifications, and Applications

Bond Beam Block-Dimensions, Specifications, and Applications

Bond beam blocks are concrete masonry units manufactured with reduced webs or with knock out webs. These knock out webs are removed before the placement of the unit in the bond beam.

A bond beam is a horizontal layer of concrete that increases the wall strength. Bond beams are usually reinforced with steel. Bond beam blocks, which are rectangular and have hollow space in the middle are interconnected by using grout. The blocks can have a U-shaped hollow space or have two square cut outs in the middle. Continue reading “Bond Beam Block-Dimensions, Specifications, and Applications”

Things To Remember While Opting Building Construction Materials

Things To Remember While Opting Building Construction Materials

In this competitive market and fast-moving world, reaching out to the right suppliers who can suggest and supply the required construction materials is challenging. You cannot compromise on the construction materials used for building homes or any other structure. Construction materials used should be of best quality to have a strong structure. But, often this aspect is neglected. If any structure has to stand strong for many years, you have to use good quality construction materials. There seems to be an understanding that less expensive is better, but it’s just not the right approach in the construction industry. You need to ensure the quality of construction materials.

Things To Remember While Opting Building Construction Materials:

Focus on quality:

There are many construction materials’ suppliers in the market who promise you to provide several high quality materials at lesser rates. They are ready to offer heavy discounts on bulk orders, but it is not necessary that they will supply good quality materials that last for many years. Let’s take for example, you end up buying low quality iron, it will deteriorate quickly thus, leading to a weak foundation of the structure. In some situations, the problem might escalate and the entire building might collapse.

Thus, it’s imperative to conduct detailed research of the company you buy materials from and ensure that they are reputed suppliers. Continue reading “Things To Remember While Opting Building Construction Materials”

Tips On How To Construct A Durable House

Tips On How To Construct A Durable House

Building a home can be the most challenging task that you’ve ever undertaken because, you have to take care of innumerable aspects of construction. Also, your emotions and finances are invested while you build a home.

“The ache for home lives in all of us, the safe place where we can go as we are and not be questioned.” – Maya Angelou

This is what a home can give you. A sense of security and safety.

Before you think of building a home its necessary that you have a vision of how your home should look. Though it would be a picture in your mind about how you wish the home to look like its necessary that you explain it to your architect and contractor. They knowing your choice and needs is extremely important. Otherwise the end product (home) wouldn’t be anywhere close to what you expect.

Now let us come to the durability aspect of your home.

Here are some tips on how to construct a durable house?  Continue reading “Tips On How To Construct A Durable House”

Parapet Walls – Types and Uses

Parapet walls – Types and Uses

In the field of architecture parapets have a long history and they have maintained their importance in today’s world too, inspite of the rapidly changing and technology driven world. There are many purposes for which parapets are used.

Parapet wall is an extension of the wall at the edge of the roof that creates a barrier. It may be used for more than roofing, including terraces, walkways and much more. Parapets were once used mainly as a method of protection against ground attacks of military forces but, that is not how they are used today. Continue reading “Parapet Walls – Types and Uses”

Why Do You Need Earthing Material?

Why Do You Need Earthing Material

Its impossible to survive without electricity in today’s modern world. Electrical engineering has developed manifold providing us with quality materials and gadgets that ease and comfort our lives. But, as electricity eases our lives we also need to be cautious of certain things and take safety measures. Earthing is one such essential part of electrical layout in any structure that is built. Earthing will render safety only if high quality material is used. Otherwise short circuit and electrocution is possible. Continue reading “Why Do You Need Earthing Material?”

Estimating Concrete Cost In Construction

Estimating Concrete Cost In Construction

It is tough to estimate the cost of new concrete as it involves much more than just the price of concrete per meter. There are many variables that affect, such as finish work, cost of ready mix concrete, formwork, etc. All this adds up to the total price of the job. Costs of some items generally vary from location to location and site to site.

Factors to consider while estimating concrete cost in construction: Continue reading “Estimating Concrete Cost In Construction”

Refractory Mortar – Types and Construction Practice

Refractory Mortar – Types and Construction Practice

Refractory mortars are now easier to use, much safer and readily available. It is a specifically engineered mixture of sand, fireclay, calcium aluminate and cement. It is utilized to lay firebricks in places exposed to extremely high temperature. Refractory mortar is used to build fire places and is not applicable to hot faces.

Two types of refractory mortars are available:

Hydraulic setting mortar and

Premixed or Air-drying mortar

Hydraulic setting mortar is an apt choice due to its superior properties like acid resistance and water-insolubility.

Premixed or Air-drying mortar is used for indoor construction as it dissolves in water.

Jobs site mixed mortar is another type, which isn’t applicable now due to its inferior

Added to that, jobsite mixed mortar is another type, which is no longer applicable due to its inferior properties.

Types of Refractory Mortars

There are two types of refractory mortar that confirm to ASTM C 199 as permitted by code:

1. Hydraulic-setting Mortar

Its also referred as non-water-soluble refractory mortar and is also considered the best mortar.

Hydraulic-setting mortar is a mixture of aggregate and binder. It withstands temperature of 1499C for a minimum of 6 hours.

Outstanding properties of non-water-soluble refractory mortar are:

  • Acid resistant
  • Water insoluble
  • It’s the only type of refractory mortar, which is suitable for setting clay flue liners.
  • Hydraulic setting mortar is the same as Portland based mortar when it comes to workability and curing. Its also easier to ship and store than premixed.
  • It also comes dry in bags and isn’t subject to separation, freezing or hardening before its used.
  • It can be utilized to lay the firebrick, set clay flue liners and outdoor applications.
  • It can be also used to set the throat and smoke chamber.

2. Premixed or Air-drying Mortar

Premixed refractory mortar is a mixture of clay, aggregates and a liquid silicate is used as a binder.

This type of mortar is inferior to hydraulic setting mortar. It dissolves in water after drying and requires long time to dry in wet environment. Added to that, premixed or air-dry mortar can result into efflorescence. It can be used in pails and can be thinned with little water.

Air drying mortar is preferable in hot and dry environment as it does not dry quickly as compared to other types of mortar.

It can be utilized in the construction of kilns and furnaces. It sets quickly after its laid and can also be cleaned easily since it dissolves in water.

3. Jobsite Mixed Mortar

Jobsite mixed mortar is widely preferred these days. It is formed by using sand, clay, fire, lime and Portland cement. It resists high temperature and when it cools down it losses the binder hence can no longer perform its function.

Thus jobsite mixed mortar isn’t suitable for locations exposed to high temperature regularly.

Practical Tips for Refractory Mortar

Maximum thickness of refractory mortar in high quality oven is 6mm.

Refractory mortar isn’t applicable for filling holes or gaps between firebricks.

Mortar thickness that is greater than 6mm, shrinks and leaves space between bricks and it eventually lets bricks move.

Refractory mortar should be used only for the brick structure to stay stable and strong. It should not be left exposed in the hot space.

Mortar thickness which is greater than 6mm isn’t allowed for locations away from the hot face.

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What Are Different Types Of Scaffolding In Construction?

What are different types of scaffolding in construction

There are different types of scaffolding in construction but, before discussing about the types, let us first understand what is scaffolding?

Scaffolding is a provisional structure that is used to give support to the original structure. At the same time, it also works as a platform for the workers to perform the construction works. The type of scaffolding differs according to the construction work. It has to be built strong and firm so as to support workers and other construction material that is laid on it. Scaffolding is made of up of either steel or timber.

Let us discuss different types of scaffolding:

  1. Trestle Scaffolding:

In trestle scaffolding the working platform is supported on movable ladders or tripods. It is used upto a height of 5m. It is normally used for work inside the room like paintings and repairs. Continue reading “What Are Different Types Of Scaffolding In Construction?”

Top Free Construction Softwares

Top Free Construction Softwares

It is tough to manage a construction project and when you start to consider the different parts it encompasses it’s rather overwhelming.

Construction management software give a holistic solution to the challenges posed by construction processes. Buying a construction software is expensive but there are different software to combat different challenges. Without spending a dime, you can use free and open source software to facilitate the process and monitor it.

  1. Estimate

It’s a web based free and open source construction estimating software. Continue reading “Top Free Construction Softwares”

General Safety Issues At Construction Sites

General Safety Issues At Construction Sites

It is extremely important to take care of safety issues at construction sites because if safety isn’t taken care of then death and injuries occur that mars the confidence of employees. In the process the constructor and the workers both suffer. Here we try to look at the general safety issues at the construction sites.

According to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) in 2016 there have been almost 1000 construction deaths. But, with right care, training and equipment, 60% of these deaths could have been prevented. So, we look at the most common causes of construction deaths and the steps that we can take to prevent them:

Case #1 : Struck by objects

This is a common cause of death on construction sites, “struck by objects,” and this accounts for 10% of construction site fatalities. Continue reading “General Safety Issues At Construction Sites”

What are the gypsum-based Products and what are the advantages?

What are the gypsum-based Products and what are the advantages

Various types of material and products are used during construction. Now, new materials, products are being used in construction, which are making the process and the quality of construction superior. Today, we talk about gypsum, which is a soft sulfate mineral composed of calcium sulfate dehydrate. It is used as a fertilizer in sculptures and as a plaster material.

Gypsum is like chalk and is light in weight, which is found in nature in a crystalline form. Like we said earlier construction industry is witnessing new technologies and trends. Innovation is seen across applications aimed to make the process superior and quicker. Gypsum is comparatively an older material than cement and sand plaster. But, it hasn’t been used that widely in construction industry. Now, things have changed- gypsum has proved to be a boon while constructing as it aids interior construction due to its qualities.


What are gypsum based products? Continue reading “What are the gypsum-based Products and what are the advantages?”

10 Types Of Heavy Equipment Used In Construction

10 Types Of Heavy Equipment Used In Construction

The construction industry may look unglamorous to most of us. But, if you go through the below list of heavy equipment  used in construction you will realize that it also has a creative aspect attached to it.

These various types of heavy equipment can be used as and when the needs of your project change. You might keep adding some of these equipment to your existing fleet. While some of these are meant for particular purpose, there are some that are common to every project.

Let’s begin to discuss 10 types of heavy equipment used in construction:


Continue reading “10 Types Of Heavy Equipment Used In Construction”

Concrete Pumps – Types and Selection

Buy / Sell Concrete Pipes

We are going to understand in a detailed way about concrete pumps- types and selection. If you are wondering why concrete pumps are an important part of any construction project, we will certainly satiate your curiosity.

Concrete pumps are important as they are used extensively in transferring liquid concrete by pumping it to the jobsite. The biggest positive point of using concrete pumps is that they help in placing concrete quickly even if the area isn’t accessible. Continue reading “Concrete Pumps – Types and Selection”

Preventive Maintenance of Batching Plant

Construction is an interesting business and an art in itself. The nuances of construction should be known to be able to conduct the process efficiently and effectively. In order to effectively produce and deliver concrete, all plants and equipment have to be maintained well. They should be clean and be in efficient working condition.

Preventive Maintenance of Batching Plant

Batch plant components have to be inspected continuously and all areas of plant should be regularly checked and inspected. To be able to maintain batch plants you have to follow scheduled checklists. These checklists need to follow on daily, weekly, monthly and quarterly basis.

Continue reading “Preventive Maintenance of Batching Plant”